What to Feed Your Leopard Gecko - two geckos on a branch

What do leopard geckos eat?

Leopard geckos are fascinating reptiles that make wonderful pets. As a responsible owner, understanding their dietary needs is crucial for their health and happiness. Let’s dive into the world of leopard gecko nutrition and discover the best foods to keep your scaly friend thriving!

The Basics of Leopard Gecko Diet

Leopard geckos are insectivores, which means their diet consists primarily of insects. Providing a varied diet is essential for their overall well-being. Here’s a quick overview of their dietary needs:

Quick Answer

  • Leopard geckos are primarily insectivores
  • Providing a varied diet is essential for balanced nutrition
  • Adult geckos should be fed every 2-3 days, juveniles daily
  • Calcium and vitamin supplements are crucial for health
  • Nutrient-rich insects include crickets, mealworms, and waxworms

Top Insect Choices for Your Leopard Gecko

When it comes to feeding your leopard gecko, certain insects stand out as excellent choices. Let’s explore the most popular and nutritious options:

Leopard gecko eating insectsA leopard gecko enjoying a variety of insects

1. Crickets

Crickets are a staple in most leopard gecko diets. They’re easy to find, nutritious, and encourage natural hunting behavior.

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2. Dubia Roaches

These roaches are packed with protein and low in fat, making them an excellent choice for your gecko.

3. Mealworms

While higher in fat, mealworms can be a good treat or part of a varied diet.

4. Waxworms

High in fat, waxworms should be given sparingly as occasional treats.

Gut-Loading: Enhancing Insect Nutrition

Gut-loading is a crucial practice to ensure your leopard gecko gets the most nutrition from its prey. This process involves feeding the insects nutrient-rich foods before offering them to your gecko.

Nutritional Value of Gut-Loaded vs Non-Gut-Loaded Insects

Feeding your leopard gecko gut-loaded insects significantly enhances their nutritional intake compared to non-gut-loaded insects. Here’s a breakdown of the key nutritional benefits:


Both gut-loaded and non-gut-loaded insects provide essential proteins. However, gut-loaded insects often contain higher levels of protein due to the nutrient-dense food they consume, which directly benefits your gecko’s growth and muscle development.


Calcium is crucial for preventing metabolic bone disease in leopard geckos. Gut-loaded insects have higher calcium content because they are fed calcium-rich foods. Non-gut-loaded insects typically lack sufficient calcium, increasing the risk of deficiencies in your gecko.


Gut-loading insects with a variety of fruits, vegetables, and commercial gut-load products ensures they are rich in essential vitamins, such as vitamins A, B, and E. Non-gut-loaded insects do not have the same vitamin levels, which can lead to vitamin deficiencies and health issues in your gecko.


Insects that have been gut-loaded are generally more hydrated than non-gut-loaded insects. This extra hydration helps maintain your gecko’s hydration levels, especially if they are not frequent drinkers. Non-gut-loaded insects may not provide adequate hydration, potentially leading to dehydration in your pet.

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Supplements: The Key to a Balanced Diet

In addition to a varied insect diet, supplements play a vital role in keeping your leopard gecko healthy. Here are the essential supplements you should consider:

  • Calcium powder: Dust insects with calcium powder 2-3 times a week.
  • Vitamin D3: Essential for calcium absorption, especially for geckos without UVB lighting.
  • Multivitamin: Use once a week to ensure a well-rounded diet.

For more information on reptile nutrition and care, check out our guides on bearded dragons and chameleons, as many principles apply across species.

Feeding Tips and Best Practices

To ensure your leopard gecko thrives, follow these feeding tips:

Appropriate Insect Size

Feed insects no larger than the space between the gecko’s eyes

Remove Uneaten Insects

Remove uneaten insects after 15-20 minutes

Fresh Water Daily

Change water daily to ensure cleanliness

Monitor Weight

Regularly check gecko’s weight and adjust feeding as needed

Remember, each gecko is unique, and you may need to adjust your feeding routine based on your pet’s age, size, and activity level. For more specific advice on gecko care, visit our crested geckos section.

Common Feeding Mistakes to Avoid

While caring for your leopard gecko, be aware of these common feeding errors:


This can lead to obesity and health issues.

Neglecting supplements:

Calcium deficiency is a serious concern in captive geckos.

Offering inappropriate insects:

Stick to safe, recommended food sources.

Ignoring hydration:

Always provide clean, fresh water.

For more tips on avoiding common reptile care mistakes, check out our guide on iguanas, which covers many universal reptile care principles.

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Final Thoughts on Nourishing Your Leopard Gecko

Feeding your leopard gecko a balanced, varied diet is key to ensuring a long, healthy life for your scaly friend. By offering a mix of nutritious insects, gut-loading prey, and providing essential supplements, you’ll be giving your gecko the best possible care.

Remember to monitor your gecko’s health and consult with a reptile veterinarian if you have any concerns. With proper nutrition and care, your leopard gecko will thrive, providing you with years of companionship and fascinating behavior to observe.

For more in-depth information on reptile care, including dietary advice for various species, explore our reptiles category. Happy gecko feeding!